The answer is. Plants get energy from light through a process called photosynthesis. How much energy they get affects the growth of the plant. Without any light, plants would not be able to produce the energy they need to grow.
Luckily for us gardeners with shady gardens. Not all plants need the same amount of light to thrive.
Plants that will grow in shady areas are not always very colourful. However, often have interesting and attractive foliage, the leaves are usually larger than normal sun loving plants. The large leaves enable the plant gather as much light as possible from the shady conditions they grow in.
I have listed a selection of plants that will tolerate shady conditions. They include flowers, shrubs, perennials, hedgerow plants, and bulbs that will tolerate some shade and can also be grown in containers positioned in partial shade.
Best Bulbs for shade
Most Bulbous plants can thrive in the shade of deciduous trees providing they are given an annual mulch.
These Shrubs will grow under high, broken or deciduous canopies.
Perennial plants that tolerate shade and will grow in shade.
Annuals balsam, begonias, wax browallia, catharanthus (vinca), coleus, feverfew, fuchsias, impatiens, lobelia, mimulus, salvia, dwarf, torenia (wishbone flower)
Plants for planting in woodland (under trees) and hedgerow
British wildflowers from woodland glades and margins.
And semi-shaded field edges and hedgerows mix.
The following vegetables with grow in shade providing they get three to six hours of sun, or fairly constant dappled shade, each day.
Vegetables, Salad and herbs that will grow in shady areas;