Gardening tips for the elderly and people with physical disabilities.

My advice before spending a lot of money is to consider some of the cheaper ways to make your garden more accessible.


Tips on this page and linked from it with a bit more detail, include: Digging, Growing and Sowing, Low maintenance plants, Help with gardening, Weeding, Watering, Steep slopes and  Garden layout. Also, a bit about garden design for physically handicapped, elderly gardeners with limited mobility and wheelchair gardeners.



The least physical way  to grow fruit, vegetables and flowers is to grow from seed, sown in the place you want them to grow
Sow seeds in the place you want them to grow

For those of us with disabilities, here are some cheap and easy things we can do to make a garden more accessible

Doctors tell us and we know anyway, that gardening is good for us. Not just for our bodies but also our minds, and spirit. So what happens as we get older or become ill and become unable to do the stuff in our garden we used to do. 

We can sit and look at our gardens through the window, switch the television on, think about what might have been. OR Get on with it, get going and make a few simple changes (or some big ones) to enable us to get back out there.

It's the simple changes I'm interested in, and going to write about here. The big changes have been covered in my other articles. Age related and other physical and mental disabilities need not stop us doing stuff we enjoy. Change your garden not yourself!


Read the old timers gardening tips for first time gardeners
Read the old timers gardening tips for first time gardeners

To keep this page as short as possible I have included links to my other articles providing a bit more detail about the things you might be interested in. So you can skip the stuff you are not interested in and click through to the stuff you are interested in.

Keep garden beds and borders narrow

 Making garden beds and borders so they are reachable from both sides to avoid stretching is probably one of the most important (and simplest) things you can do. Digging, planting, weeding and harvesting the fruits of your labour is easier, if you make your beds narrow or accessible from both sides. For large areas of garden, laying paths or even laying slabs or stepping stones to divide the area into reachable size plots can help a lot. Try to lay the slabs level with the surface to avoid creating trip hazards. To work out the correct width for each section kneel or sit on the first slab and reach across without stretching and that's the position for the next slab or stepping stone. 

Laying a weed suppressing membrane and planting through slits cut in the material can help keep weeds at bay. 

If you have retaining walls, cultivate the area that runs along behind the wall.

Grow plants from seed in an accessible place in the garden where you want them to grow.

 Growing from seed saves the hassle of lugging pots and trays of plants around the garden and 

saves money. You will also have spare plants to share or sell at your local car boot. I get a lot of satisfaction growing from seed, sometimes it doesn't work out, but even at my age it's still one big learning curve. You can grow seeds direct into the garden or in the greenhouse.

It's easier on your body if you can sow direct into the garden beds where the plants will grow. Especially if your beds are designed as narrow reachable borders or raised beds. Mixing fine seed with sand makes it easier to sow if your hands are a bit stiff.
When and what to sow tips can be found on other 
of my website.

The cheapest and least physical way to grow fruit, vegetables and flowers is to grow from seed. Sow in the place you want them to grow, you will only need to thin the seedlings out following germination and keep them watered, but that's about it. This page sowing seeds will explain how. 
If your travel and shopping isn't restricted, transferring seedlings from trays into your garden or containers is fairly easy and I have included a few planting tips next.   
Using adapted gardening tools, like long handled trowels and forks help, some tools are easy to adapt yourself, tips here. tools for disabled gardeners.. Some easy to follow tips here. Growing your own tips.

Plan to keep your garden as low maintenance as possible.

 Low maintenance plants.

The upside to planting low maintenance plants is, they do make garden maintenance easier, The downside is low-maintenance plants can restrict choice and all year round colour. If you can plan your borders to be reachable from all sides and avoid quick growing shrubs. You should then be able to plant for all year round colour.
If you are not the over fussy type cottage garden plants and herbaceous plants can be left to die back themselves. They will still look attractive even in winter, with frosty heads and cobwebs and eventually disappearing back into the soil, before re-appearing again in spring.
Fruit and Vegetables. 
 The same rules apply. Work within your capabilities, keep borders or planted areas to a reachable width, especially if working from a wheelchair. Plant dwarf beans if standing up for long periods is difficult or painful. And if bending is the problem, plant climbing beans. If possible build basic raised beds to alleviate both bending and stretching. basic raised beds.
Weeding the garden.
Getting rid of annual and perennial weeds keep your garden beds tidy and your plants healthy. Weeds take up the moisture and nutrients your plants need too thrive.
An overgrown weedy garden is a daunting sight and you may be tempted to stay in front of the television, so don't try to clear the lot in one go, little and often does it, especially if you have a bad back or disability that makes bending difficult.
Once you get on top of it either by hand weeding or using weed killer, it is easier to keep your garden weed free.
Narrow, and raised beds are easier to keep weed free, more about that later. You can also purchase specially adapted tools to make weeding a bit easier. Weed control fabrics or mulches make it a whole lot easier to control weeds.
Ground cover shrubs will help keep weeds down and add interest. Low growing fruit trees give colour and the benefit of the Autumn harvest. list of ground cover plants.
Digging the garden. 
Digging helps break up the soil, aerates it, and helps to loosen weeds. Regular hoeing, light forking and adding well rotted compost from your compost heap  make the old fashioned back breaking annual dig almost redundant. Read this article if your age or disability make digging difficult  gardening without digging.  If your soil is mostly clay, try this breaking up clay.
Watering the garden and containers.
During long dry spells watering your garden is time-consuming. If you have a disability or bad back that makes bending difficult, watering can be made easier. A light plastic, flat-sided watering can is easier to use than a round one. Also, water butts and stand pipes at convenient places around the garden makes the job of watering plants a lot easier. If you haven't got stand pipes in convenient places, leave the hosepipe rolled out ready during long hot spells. Make sure it's not a trip hazard though! 
Grouping containers together and placing saucers under them, as well as mulching the soil and watering in the evening, when there is less evaporation, all save water and time.


Garden on a steep slope.

If you have a sloping gardenit is likely the slope is making planting, garden maintenance or mowing your lawn difficult, especially when the surface is wet. So think about having it levelled, terraced or maybe installing a winding pathway through the slope. More about sloping gardens. Or think about loaning the slope to a keen gardener and gardening the lower easier bits yourself, more about that next.
Help for the elderly with gardening 
Hiring a hard landscaper to level or terrace a slope is fairly expensive, so another option might be to use the area at the lowest point, nearest the house yourself and loan out the steep bit in return for a few fruits, vegetables and maybe some company.
If loaning out your garden is an option take a few necessary precautions.
  • Don't allow access through your home.
  • Only provide a key for a side entrance gate.
  • If possible choose a person you know well.
  • Check the person has similar ideas to yours for the garden.
  • Don't allow sheds, etc. to be erected.
  • Tell the neighbourhood watch, family and friends about your plans.
On the plus side allotments are in short supply so someone is going to be very grateful and a big plus for you will be a tidy and productive garden slope. Another big plus you might find they are chatty.
Check to see if a garden-share scheme operates in your area. That matches people who would like help managing their gardens, with volunteers who tend the garden regularly in return for their own growing space.
Before you loan any part of your garden out. Make sure you neighbourhood watch, family and friends know about your plans.
Remember, if  a disability or simply age, makes gardening, planting, weeding and watering a problem, but you enjoy being in your garden,  keep it simple. Light and often is better for your general well-being, and for your garden.
Raised beds can be made from anything that will hold soil, even old car tyres. Most gardening tools can be easily adapted making buying new ones unnecessary.  
The roll around garden seat featured below makes gardening easier.
  • GARDEN CART: The combination of garden cart and seat makes the gardening more easily and won't lead to aching knees and painful backs anymore. The front wheel direction can be controlled by handlebar.
  • STORAGE SPACE: Your gardening tools and supplies can be held in the basket and tray under the seat, which keeps your supplies at the ready.
  • FLEXIBLE SEAT & HANDLE: The adjustable height and 360 degree swivel seat meets your various needs and the handle angle is adjustable to fit different body size and ground angle.
  • DESIGNED FOR OUTDOOR: The metal frame is sturdy and durable the solid steel axles allow for easy steering and mobility.
  • Overall Dimension: 81L x 44.5W x 46-59H (cm); Weight Capacity: 150kg
Click the picture
Click the picture

Gardening tips for gardeners using wheelchairs

 Most of the gardening tips on this page, together with the use of some specially adapted tools, will help if you are gardening from a wheelchair. The most important design factor will be easy access to your garden and to be able to get around the garden with ease.

Access and getting around a Garden.
Hard landscaping with smooth paving, turning places with raised edgings especially on corners to act as brakes if yours fail. Handrails and gentle gradual sloping ramps in place of steps are essential for getting around in a wheelchair.  
Pathway lighting and spotlights around the raised beds and borders will help keep on gardening as the nights draw in. Well thought out Lighting can also add interest to a garden and if you are going down the wildlife friendly route, good lighting makes spotting the wildlife visitors to your garden easier at night.
Garden design for wheelchair gardeners.
Good well thought out garden design and hard landscaping, including pathways, Roll out paths  can be a good and cheap alternative to having concrete or slab pathways built).  and ramps for wheelchair access, will make gardening easier and I have covered recommended width measurements, gradients and layout on the disabled garden layout page .
Raised beds, reachable borders, hanging baskets and accessible arbors and trellises all make gardening easier without having to stretch or bend to reach your plants. Some hanging baskets even come with their own pulley system so they can be raised and lowered from your wheelchair.
Garden Tools for gardeners using a wheelchair
There is a whole range of specially adapted gardening tools available which are custom made for wheelchair users and the elderly who may find bending and stretching difficult. Some come with attachable extension poles and others have specially modified grab and hold mechanisms. You can even get gardening gloves that have sticky palms. I have included long reach and easy to grip tools and tips on modifying and adapting existing tools on the tools for disabled folk page.

A garden designed or adapted for wheelchair access and mobility can look good and a be a blessing. 

Garden layout and design tips for physically handicapped and elderly gardeners

nical stuff
A few important technical things to consider when adapting pathways, laying new paths, installing ramps or steps, handrails, patios and general landscaping if you have a disability that restricts movement:
How wide does a pathway need to be for a wheelchair or zimmer frame user.
What materials are best for hard surfaces for wheelchairs?
What height is best for handrails for people with balance problems or limited mobility?
This information can be found on my disabled garden layout  
Raised beds. 
A raised bed really does make working in the garden easier,  beds made from sleepers are best and easy to construct, but anything that won't rot quickly, will do, from sturdy plastic sheet, planks to old slabs old car tyres, preformed fish pond liners and bricks. More information about Raised garden beds
Adopted gardener's tools.
Some tools and aids can be adapted or modified  yourself.  Making and adapting your own gardening tools, to help with your own special physical needs, really can make many difficult or uncomfortable gardening jobs easier and I have a few tips on this page of my website. Adopted gardening tools.  If you prefer to buy tools try your local ironmonger or buy online. Large Garden centers charge a lot more.
Boundary fencing or hedging ?
Hedges are often fast growing and need a lot of pruning. You might be better fitting panel fencing. Single panels that get damaged are easier to replace if you use slotted posts.
Try growing vine type vegetables like Runner beans or fragrant vines like clematis, climbing rose, honeysuckle, and jasmine to cover the fence.
Greenhouse gardeners.
Tips we have discussed can be applied to greenhouse gardening. Make sure benches are sturdy, the door is wide enough and the base isn't trippy. Plastic is safer than glass.  
Most of the basic stuff is included on my greenhouse gardening page. 
If you haven't got a greenhouse and have someone to help dismantle and collect a secondhand greenhouse, have a look at the used greenhouses listed for free. You can post a request for a used greenhouse in your area for free.
Caring for your back in the garden and gardening with a bad back
More about gardening with a painful back here gardening with a bad back

My 8 top gardening tips for gardeners with limited mobility.

  1. Raised garden beds make the garden more accessible for planting and harvesting. If you can't bend easily, raised beds and container growing makes digging and weeding easier. Containers and raised beds look attractive and are ideal if you can't bend. Raising a garden bed just a few inches makes planting, digging and weeding so much easier if you are disabled or using a wheelchair.
    Almost anything can be used to make a raised  bed as long as it raises the working surface to a level that will make gardening easier. More information on my raised garden beds page.
  2. Use lightweight tools that are easier to handle. And gardening tools that have been specially adapted for elderly or disabled folk like the ones I have selected here. Or you can adapt your own gardening tools to make them more comfortable to use with foam, tape and plastic tubing, etc.
  3. Have plenty of easily accessible shade areas for working in during hot weather in the summer and make sure to shelter to escape the rain in winter.
  4. Have stable chairs spread around your garden and easily accessible tables to take frequent breaks and have a drink. Drink plenty of water or juice, especially on hot days. Having plenty of seats in shady areas where you can sit and ponder and get your breath back whilst digging and weeding. 
  5. Ensure that there are taps near container planted plants and seed beds or maybe install a drip feeder system for easy watering. It's a good idea to have quick and easy access to a toilet.
  6. Large lawns with many curves take a lot of maintenance. Not for me, but artificial grass needs almost  zero caring for. Dividing up the area into workable flower or vegetable beds is a better solution, as is paving, or even letting the lawn go wild  and laying paved paths through it if you use a wheelchair, a walking stick or walking aid. Walking through a wild lawn is one of life's treats. Much more interesting than those chemically green lawns you can see over the fence! The grand children love exploring and rolling around in it as well. More on the wildflower lawn page
  7. Borders are much easier to maintain if you can reach across them easily. So build your flower borders to be a maximum two foot wide and maybe have flagstones placed in the flower border to kneel down on.
  8. Ponds are a peaceful feature, but can be high maintenance unless you choose a wildlife pond,  planted up with slow growing native British pond plants. If you have a pond avoid pond plants that grow fast or  Koi and maintenance will be minimal. If you are use a wheelchair or not too confident on your feet, erect a sturdy rustic fence and handrail around your  pond. There's a bit more information about looking after ponds and choosing pond plants on my pond page.  
Just because a person is disabled or growing older, it should not mean that their garden cannot remain a love or hobby.