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We prepare the ground, remove the old lawn and supply and lay new lawn turf.
Don't despair if you've just moved into a new home that has compacted subsoil where a front lawn should be or if your old lawn looks like a worn-out rug. The cost to have a turf lawn laid is probably less than you think, it's warm enough and rain helps develop strong roots and saves a lot of time watering.
The big advantage of lawn turf over seed is speed. From soil preparation to final layout, it's possible to lay a modest-sized turf lawn in one day. Moss and weeds in the morning and a green lawn in the evening!
To have a new lawn in North Somerset, Somerset, Weston super mare, Highbridge, Burnham, Portishead, Clevedon, Nailsea, Yatton.
scroll on down for how we lay lawn turf and some D.I.Y tips.
There are 4 main kinds of turf for making a lawn.
Soil type for growing a lawn
A well drained medium loamy type soil is best to grow grass on but providing the area is well drained with at least 50% sunshine it will grow almost anywhere.
Sandy soil has very little of the nutrients grass needs to grow, so add well decomposed manure or rotted leaves.
Clay soil has all the nutrients grass needs but is hard to dig and often has poor drainage so you may need to install drainage and mix sharp sand into the top soil. read my tips here improving clay soil
Somewhere between sand and clay, lucky you, not to much preparation needed before laying lawn turf.
Proper Preparation of the ground before laying turf or sowing grass seed is important.
Grass will tolerate most things but large rocks, builders rubble should be dug out . In shady areas you can lay shade resistant turf or sow seed.
Soggy water logged conditions caused by clay or a low lying garden will need to be sorted before you lay the turf. The best permanent solution is to lay a gravel French drain drainage system under the lawn.
Its a good idea to dig over or rotavate the area, trying not to go to deep or you will end up with a mix of top soil and sub soil. Then rake it level shifting high areas of top soil into the dips, so you end up with a fairly level lawn.
If you want to add top soil before laying the turf, try the supplier I use below, first use my calculator to work out how much you will need.
The prepared ground now needs to be gently flattened.
How to flatten and firm the soil
Be careful not to compact the topsoil. You can do this by treading it down. Start in one corner, walking slowly placing one foot in front of the other, turning around and repeating until the whole area has been trod down.
A much easier way is to Board it. You will need two large firm square wooden boards (plywood is ideal) place one in front of the other and work your way across the area, standing on the last and lifting the other to the front and so on.
As you are flattening the ground remove surface stones as you go. Its impossible to remove every stone, the earth is full of them and they naturally rise to the surface, so don't let it become an obsession.
Any humps and dips will now be more visible, rake of the humps into the dips and lightly tread down.
Shaping the lawn
Before laying the turf think about the shape you want to end up with. Its sometimes easier to lay a square or oblong lawn and then cut the borders into it and use the cut out turf to fill the gaps you will undoubtedly end up with.
Laying the lawn turf.
Most turf comes in rolled up lengths and are heavy to handle when soaked with rain so try to choose a couple of dry days to lay your turf (not easy in our climate)
Mark out a straight edge with a garden line as near to the boundary as possible and lay your first row of turf, butting each one as close as you can to the end of the previous one. You are bound to have small gaps, these can be filled with soil as you go but its better and easier to fill them after the turf is layed. (The gaps will expand as the turf dries out and contract when the turf is watered).
Start the second row by cutting a turf to half length and lay one half against the first turf of the first row. Butt it up against the start line and lay the rest of the second row using full turfs, butt each turf firmly up against both adjacent turfs and keep going until its all laid. Its important to alternate the full and half length turfs at the start of each row as it makes staggered turf joints and a stronger lawn.
Now stand back and check the lawn is level, this is your last chance to check for humps and dips. Fill the gaps with grit sand or fine soil. Cut out the shaped borders and trim any rough edges.
A completely level "bowling green" surface, is achievable with a lot more thought, choice of turf and of course labour
A few newly turfed lawn after care tips.
Environmentally friendly ways to help your garden and lawn survive long spells without rain.
A waterlogged garden or a lawn with poor drainage produces moss very quickly . Chemicals offer a temporary Solution but wont solve the problem. Simply laying new lawn turf over the waterlogged, soggy and moss covered lawn doesn't work either, I have included tips and advice on this site, that will help to sort out the problem or ask me for a quote for Land, Garden and lawn drainage solutions that are laid under the lawn. Ask me before re turfing.
Lawn turf supplied and laid in