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I've seen people kill worms! Spraying fertiliser and weed killer on the grass and then sending their kids out to roll around on the freshly sprayed lawn less than an hour later. Meanwhile, the grass roots absorb the artificial stimulates, just like feeding junk food to kids, giving them no need to grow deeper to look for the natural fertiliser the worms and micro-organisms (which were just killed) would have produced in the lawn.
Re-sow bare patches to keep the weeds out, first fork the soil over and gently firm it with your foot and sow the grass seed. Sow enough for the birds and germination. Or if you don't want to share with birds, cover with fleece or chicken wire to keep them off. Its important to water regularly. If the area is in shade sow a shade tolerant grass.
In spring and summer leave the clippings on the lawn when you cut the grass, the worms will take them down into the lawn
and they release up to a third of the nutrients lawns need. When the growing season is over remove the clippings from the lawn and add them to the compost heap.
Regularly dig out perennial weeds before they take over. Clover is good for organic and non organic lawns, because it collects nitrogen from the air and releases it into the growing grass. You can sow clover into the lawn during spring.
Keep the lawn fed during the growing season by adding a thin sprinkling of home made compost . This can be swept or raked over the lawn and don't forget to leave the cuttings for the worms to take down into the lawn.