Advice and tips to help make gardening easier for the elderly, disabled, arthritis sufferers and wheelchair users.
Improving access to your garden is the single most important thing you can change.
If mobility or walking difficulties make it difficult to get out into your garden, you can't garden !! If you are using a wheelchair, a simple ramp made from concrete is cheap and effective, or walking with sticks or a frame, sound non slip steps made from slabs, with a handrail, will help get you out of the house into your garden. Garden design for elderly
Digging and weeding.
If you can't bend or stretch, work like weeding and digging can be made a lot easier if you design and construct your raised beds to be high enough, to not have to bend and narrow enough to be able to reach across without stretching.
If you have plenty of space plan your garden beds so they are accessible from both sides, also consider "no dig" gardening.
Mixing fine seed with sand makes it easier to sow if your hands are a bit stiff or arthritic, more about sowing seeds below.
Watering the garden.
Light, plastic, flat sided watering cans are easier to hold in your hand and tilt to pour water.
Layout and design ideas.
Sensible garden layout makes getting around and gardening easier, even something as simple as raised beds and non slip paths, Garden layout.
Tips for wheelchair gardeners.
Replacing steps with ramps, laying pathways that are wide enough to travel with confidence and preferably looping or with a turning circle make accessing and getting around your garden easier. More further down this page.
Basic gardening tips for elderly people and those with physical disabilities.
The best advice I can offer is this, before spending a lot of money, consider some of the cheaper ways to make a garden accessible. Raised beds can be made from anything that will hold soil, even old car tyres. Most gardening tools can be easily modified and you might not need to buy new.
Low maintenance plants.
The upside to planting low maintenance plants, Is they do make gardening easier, the downside is it restricts choice and maybe all year round colour. If you can plan your borders to be reachable from all sides and avoid quick growing shrubs you should be able to plant for all year round colour.
If you are not the over fussy type, bulbs and most cottage garden plants even herbaceous plants can be left to die back themselves, looking attractive even in winter with frosty heads and cobwebs and eventually disappearing back into the soil, before re-appearing again in Spring.
Fruit and Vegetables.
The same rules apply, work within your capabilities, keep borders or planted areas to a reachable width, especially if working from a wheelchair, plant dwarf beans if standing up for long periods is difficult or painful, and if bending is the problem use raised beds.
Ground covershrubs will help keep weeds down and add interest. Low growing fruit trees give colour and the benefit of the Autumn harvest.
Planting the plants.
The least physical way is to grow fruit, vegetables and flowers from seed in the place you want them to grow, you will need to thin the seedlings out following germination and keep them watered but that's about it. This page sowing seeds explains how.
Or If travel isn't restricted and you can get out and about, buy seedlings in pots or trays. To plant, simply soak the container, tip or gently push out the plant keeping some of the compost around the root, form a hole large enough to take the root and compost, place the plant in the hole, cover with soil and firm down. Keep the seedlings watered and watch them grow, easy. Growing your own tips.
Save money and grow plants from seed. You will also have spare plants to share or sell at your local car boot. I get a lot of satisfaction growing from seed, sometimes it doesn't work out but even at my age it's still one big learning curve. You can grow seeds direct into the garden or in the greenhouse.
It's easier on your body if you can sow direct into the garden beds where the plants will grow, especially if your beds are designed as narrow reachable borders or raised beds as we have talked about in this article. Mixing fine seed with sand makes it easier to sow if your hands are a bit stiff. When and what to sow tips can be found on other pagesof my website including hear Vegetable garden
Garden on a steep slope.
If you are disabled and have a sloping garden, it's likely the slope is making planting, garden maintenance or mowing your lawn difficult, especially when the surface is wet. So think leveling, terracing or maybe installing a winding pathway through the slope. sloping gardens
Help with gardening
Hiring a hard landscaper to level or terrace a slope is fairly expensive, so another option might be, to use the area at the lowest point, nearest the house and loan out the steep bit in return for a few fruit and vegetables.
If loaning out your garden is an option take a few necessary precautions.
Don't allow access through your home.
Only provide a key for a side entrance gate.
If possible choose a person you know well.
Check the person has similar ideas to yours for the garden.
Don't allow sheds etc. to be erected.
Tell the neighbourhood watch, family and friends about your plans.
On the plus side allotments are in short supply so someone is going to be very grateful and a big plus for you will be a tidy and productive garden slope. Another big plus you might find they are chatty.
If you live in the Wandsworth area of London. Garden Partners is a garden-share scheme that matches people over the age of 60 who would like help to manage their gardens, with volunteers who tend the garden regularly in return for their own growing space.
The partners form a team to plan how the garden will develop and share in any fruit or vegetables. This is a link to Garden parteners. It seems a good Ideal and worth checking out.
If leveling is an option Visit the sloping garden page for more information on building retaining walls etc.
Digging the garden
Digging helps break up the soil, aerates it, and helps to loosen weeds. Regular hoeing, light forking and adding well rotted compost from your compost heap or worm bin make the old fashioned back breaking annual dig almost redundant. Read this article if your age or disability make digging difficultgardening without digging. Digging and weedingis easier if you keep your beds narrow or accessible from both sides.Using adapted gardening tools, like long handled trowels and forks help, some tools can be adapted yourself, tips here tools for disabled gardeners.
If you have retaining walls, cultivate the area that runs along behind the wall. laying a weed suppressing membrane and planting through slits cut in the material can help keep weeds at bay. If your soil is mostly clay, try this breaking up clay.
Weeding the garden.
Getting rid of annual and perennial weeds keeps your garden beds tidy and your plants healthy. Weeds take up the moisture and nutrients your plants need to thrive.
An overgrown weedy garden is a daunting sight and you may be tempted to stay in front of the television, so don't try to clear the lot in one go, little and often does it, especially if you have a bad back or disability that stops you bending easily.
Once you get on top of it either by hand or with weed killer, It really is easy to keep your garden weed free.
Narrow beds are easier to keep weed free as are raised beds, more about that later. you can also purchase specially adapted tools to make weeding a bit easier.
Information and advice to assist the disabled and elderly gardener. Just because a person is disabled it should not mean that their garden cannot remain a love or hobby.
Watering the garden and containers.
During long dry spellswatering is time consuming but if you have a disability or bad back that makes bending difficult, watering can be made easier. A light plastic, flat sided watering can is easier to use than a round one, also water butts and stand pipes at convenient places around the garden makes the job of watering plants a lot easier. If you haven't got stand pipes in convenient places, leave the hose pipe rolled out ready during long hot spells.
Grouping containers together and placing saucers under them, as well as mulching the soil and watering in the evening, when there is less evaporation all saves water and time.
If because of a disability or age, gardening, planting, weeding and watering is becoming a problem, but you enjoy being in your garden and doing it, keep it simple. Light and often is better for your general well being and your garden.
Tips for wheelchair gardeners
Most of the gardening tips on this page, together with the use of some specially adapted tools, will help if you are gardening from a wheelchair. The most important factor will be access to your garden and to be able to garden and get around the garden with ease.
Access and getting around a Garden.
Hard landscaping with smooth paving, turning places, raised edgings especially on corners act as brakes if yours fail, handrails and gentle gradual sloping ramps in place of steps are essential for getting around in a wheelchair.
Pathway lighting and spotlights around the raised beds and borders will help to keep on gardening as the nights draw in. Well thought out Lighting can also add interest to a garden and if you are going down the wildlife friendly route, good lighting makes spotting the wildlife visitors to your garden easier at night.
Garden design for wheelchair gardeners.
Good well thought out garden design and hard landscaping, including pathways and ramps for wheelchair access, will make gardening easier and I have covered recommended width measurements, gradients and layout on the disabled garden layout page .
Raised beds, reachable borders, hanging baskets and accessible arbors and trellises all make gardening easier without having to stretch or bend to reach your plants. Some hanging baskets even come with their own pulley system so they can be raised and lowered from your wheelchair.
Garden Tools for gardeners using a wheelchair
There is a whole range of specially adapted gardening tools available which are custom made for wheelchair users and the elderly who may find bending and stretching difficult. Some come with attachable extension poles and others have specially modified grab and hold mechanisms. You can even get gardening gloves that have sticky palms. I have included long reach and easy to grip tools and tips on modifying and adapting existing tools on the tools for disabled folk page.
A garden designed or adapted for wheelchair access and mobility can look good and a be a blessing.
Garden layout and design for physically handicapped and elderly gardeners
A few important technical things to consider when adapting pathways, laying new paths, installing ramps or steps, handrails, patios and general landscaping if you have a disability that restricts movement:
How wide does a pathway need to be for a wheelchair or zimmer frame user
What materials are best for hard surfaces for wheel-chairs?
What height is best for handrails for people with balance problems or limited mobility?
A raised bed really does make working in the garden easier, beds made from sleepers are best and easy to construct, but anything that wont rot quickly, will do, from sturdy plastic sheet, planks to old slabs old car tyres, pre formed fish pond liners and bricks. More information about Raised garden beds
Adopted gardeners tools.
Some tools and aids can be adapted or modified yourself. Making and adapting your own gardening tools, to help with your own special physical needs, really can make many difficult or uncomfortable gardening jobs easier and I have a few tips on this page of my website. Adopted gardening tools. If you prefer to buy tools try your local ironmonger or buy online. Large Garden centers charge a lot more.
Boundary fencing or hedging ?
Hedges are often fast growing and need a lot of pruning. You might be better of with panel fencing. Single panels that get damaged are easier to replace if you use slotted posts.
You can grow vine type vegetables like Runner beans or fragrant vines like clematis, climbing rose, honeysuckle, and jasmine to cover the fence.
Basically the tips we have talked about in this article can be applied to greenhouse gardening. Make sure benches are sturdy, the door is wide enough and the base isn't trippy. Plastic is safer than glass.
Most of the basic stuff to get you going is included on my greenhouse gardening page. If you haven't got a greenhouse and have someone to help dismantle and collect a secondhand greenhouse, have a look at the used greenhouses listed for free. You can post a request for a used greenhouse in your area for free.
Caring for your back in the garden and gardening with a bad back
Raised garden beds make the garden more accessible for planting and harvesting.
Use lightweight tools that are easier to handle. And gardening tools that have been specialy adapted for elderly or disabled folk like the ones I have selected here. Or you can adapt your own gardening tools to make them more comfortable to use with foam, tape and plastic tubing etc.
Have plenty of easily accesible shade areas for working in during hot weather in the Summer and make sure to shelter to escape the rain in Winter.
Have stable chairs spread around your garden and easily accesible tables to take frequent breaks and have a drink. Drink plenty of water or juice, especially on hot days
Ensure that there are taps near to container planted plants and seed beds or maybe install a drip feeder system for easy watering.
It's a good idea to have quick and easy access to a toilet
A few more mobility tips for disabled and elderly people working with a disability or from a wheelchair.
If you can't bend easily, raised beds and container growing makes digging and weeding easier.
Having plenty of seats in shady areas where you can sit and ponder and get your breath back whilst digging and weeding.
Large lawns with lots of curves take a lot of maintenance. Not for me, but artificial grass needs almost zero caring for. Dividing up the area into workable flower or vegetable beds is a better solution, as is paving, or even letting it go wild and laying paved paths through it if you use a wheel chair, a walking stick or walking aid. Walking through a wild lawnis one of life's treats. Much more interesting than those chemically green lawns you can see over the fence! The grand children love exploring and rolling around in it as well. More on the wildflower lawn page
Borders are much easier to maintain if you can reach across them easily. So build your flower borders to be a maximum two foot wide and maybe have flagstones laid in the flower border to kneel down on. Containers and raised beds look attractive and are ideal if you can't bend. Raising a garden bed just a few inches makes planting, digging and weeding so much easier if you are disabled or using a wheelchair. Almost anything can be used to make a raised bed as long as it raises the working surface to a level that will make gardening easier. More information on my raised garden beds page. Ponds are a peaceful feature but can be high maintenance unless you go for a wildlife pond, planted up with slow growing native British pond plants. If you have a pond avoid pond plants that grow fast or gulpy ornamental fish such as Koi and maintenance will be minimal. If you are use a wheelchair or not too confident on your feet, erect a sturdy rustic fence and handrail around your pond. There's a bit more information about looking after ponds and choosing pond plants on my pond page.
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